Soldiers from the kingdom of Gorkha established an international reputation for their martial qualities during the Eighteenth Century with their successful invasion of Tibet.
The Gurkha reputation for martial prowess and obedience to authority was firmly established during the 1857-58 Sepoy Rebellion, which threatened British ascendancy in South Asia.
Under a Tripartite Agreement signed in 1947 by Nepal, India and Great Britain, the Gurkha Brigade was divided between British and Indian forces. Four regiments remained in the British Service, and six passed to the new Indian Army.
Militarily, the presence of over 1,00,000 trained and disciplined Gurkha veterans was a valuable human resource. Service abroad widened their horizon, and military training and discipline taught them not only how to obey, but also how to give orders. Many Gurkhas gained specialized skills in communications and engineering units, and most have had some training in such practical subjects as sanitation, agriculture, and the building trades.